domingo, 10 de octubre de 2010

Vida Más Allá de la Tierra


Vida Más Allá de la Tierra




Por Eric Jaffe
Traducción de Adela Kaufmann




Un Océano en Marte 
 Un Planeta Similar a la Tierra a Años Luz de Distancia.
La Evidencia es... Contundente.
¿ Están los Astronomos Listo para Decir que No Estamos Solos?



"Cuando yo era un niño", dice John Grant," la gran pregunta era: hay billones de estrellas en nuestra propia Vía Láctea, ¿Cuáles son las probabilidades para que no exista más vida?"
Grant, sin ser ya un niño en su tamaño mas sí en espíritu, ahora juega un papel sustancial colocando esas probabilidades.


El geólogo del Centro para Estudios Planetarios y de la Tierra, parte del Museo Nacional del Aire y el Espacio, es uno de media docena de científicos a cargo de crear itinerarios para 'Espíritu' y 'Oportunidad', los dos exploradores nómadas de la NASA que desde principios de 2004 han explorado Marte en busca de señales de vida, pasada o presente.

Los Investigadores diseñaron los vehiculos-exploradores (rovers) para recoger imágenes de piedras y de terreno donde el agua, el presunto previo requisito de vida, podría haber fluido. "Oportunidad" tubo éxito cuando llegó, después de tocar fondo en Meridiani Planum; un buen rato después "Espíritu" aterrizó entre las piedras volcánicas del Cráter de Gusev.


Pero las habilidades para el descubrimiento de vida de los exploradores están limitadas. Les falta el equipo para analizar los compuestos orgánicos o examinar los fósiles. (El chiste en curso de la misión, dice Grant, es que un explorador descubrirá un hueso de dinosaurio y será incapaz de recuperarlo.)

Estas tareas son reservadas para la misión Laboratorio de Ciencia de Marte, fijada para 2010.


La búsqueda de vida en el universo, sin embargo, no está confinada al camino de los exploradores.

Porque este asunto ya no está limitado a Marte, o aun al sistema solar de la Tierra. Cada vez más, astrónomos en laboratorios y observatorios alrededor del mundo están encontrando evidencia para las cimentaciones de la vida - más que nada, agua - en nuestro grupo planetario y más allá de él.

"Al conseguir más datos acerca de lugares fuera de la Tierra, estamos empezando a ver condiciones en donde hay que rascarse la cabeza y decir, ‘Este es un potencial ambiente habitable’, dice Grant.

"No es una prueba, pero usted está haciendo estadísticas y todos ellos están en la categoría de: A favor de la Vida".
Esto recibió otro punto a mediados de junio, cuando un grupo de científicos reavivó la idea que un inmenso océano existió una vez en el hemisferio norte de Marte.


Hace un par de décadas, científicos analizaron imágenes de esta región y encontraron lo que parecía ser una línea costera. Pero una línea costera del océano tiene una elevación uniforme, y las pruebas topográficas más tarde revelaron gran variación - en algunos lugares, más de una milla separaba las crestas y declives del terreno.

La nueva investigación, publicada en el periódico Nature, el 14 de junio, argumentando que, en los pasados mil millones de años, Marte ha cambiado la manera en que rota sobre su eje. En el proceso, mucha de la masa del planeta ha cambiado de tal manera que responde de la alternación de la línea, alguna vez línea costera.

El océano, claro, ya los tiene mareas, y fluye a lo largo de este límite. Pero es improbable que toda el agua escapara al universo, dice el principal autor del estudio, J.Taylor Perron de la Universidad de Harvard.
"Nosotros sabemos que la vida, como la conocemos, parece requerir agua líquida," dice Perron. "Ese requisito básico del elemento esencial puede haber sido satisfecho en Marte, ya sea cuando el océano existió en la superficie, o por consecuencia, más profundamente dentro de la corteza".
Ya sea que los científicos puedan excavar en la superficie del planeta y encontrar evidencia del hallazgo de agua - con todo y sus señales de vida - queda por verse.

Si ellos pueden, con precisión, identificar esas señales es incluso otra pregunta. Todavía, el nuevo trabajo invita a un nuevo tema de conversación que se ha enfocado en las imágenes de los exploradores, escribe a María Zuber delInstituto de Tecnología de Massachussets, que no estaba asociado con el estudio, en un comentario acompañándolo.
"El resultado indica… que la comprensión de la historia ‘azul' del planeta rojo está lejos de ser completa".
Muchos científicos creen que la historia azul de Europa, una de las lunas de Júpiter, todavía está siendo escrita.

Europa orbita Júpiter cada pocos días, y esta órbita rápida genera fricción, que calienta el interior de la luna. Por esa razón, algunos sienten que un enorme océano salado todavía existe bajo la superficie helada de Europa, conteniendo quizás dos veces más líquido que los océanos combinados de toda la Tierra.


Aunque la búsqueda de vida en Marte ha desviado atención y recursos de Europa, la luna helada ofrece muchas indicaciones que podría crecer vida allí, incluyendo la presencia de oxígeno, sal hidratada y quizás fotosíntesis.

Algas, bacterias e incluso animales existen en condiciones similares en Antártica, viviendo a menudo bajo capas de hielo.

"Si hiciéramos que Europa fuera de alta prioridad y pensáramos cuidadosamente donde aterrizar, pienso que habría una buena oportunidad de encontrar señales de vida allí", dice el científico planetario Richard Greenberg, de la Universidad de Arizona.

"Si hubo vida pasada en Europa, no veo por qué todavía no estaría allí. Es sumamente activa".
Porque Europa es bombardeada por radiación, organismos similares a los de la tierra no podrían vivir en la superficie.


Pero podrían existir sólo a varios pies debajo, en las grietas visibles. En papeles y charlas recientes, Jere Lipps, de la Universidad de California, Berkeley, ha perfilado varias formas en que la vida en Europa, o sus restos, podría ser expuesta a la superficie - e igual que los exploradores o similares enviados a estudiar la luna. Éstos incluyen lugares donde el hielo se ha agrietado y vuelto a congelar, con vida atrapada en el interior; bloques de hielo que se han roto, han sido arrojados fuera y ahora enfrentan la superficie; y escombros alojados en crestas o en profundos abismos.

Tales exposiciones implican que las exploraciones de Europa podrían descubrir vida sin las potenciales difíciles misiones de desembarco-y-excavaciones.
"Europa es activa, en el sentido que su cuerpo está reformándose continuamente", dice Greenberg. El "hielo se está agrietando, abriendo, cerrando. Hay una buena oportunidad que las substancias oceánicas salgan regularmente a la superficie".
Mientras Europa y otros sitios cerca de la Tierra, como la luna de Saturno, Titán, siguen siendo lugares prometedores para encontrar agua, algunos científicos han puesto sus vistas lejano mucho más allá de este sistema solar.


Recientemente, Travis Barman, del Observatorio de Lowell en Flagstaff, Arizona, detectó agua en la atmósfera de un planeta a unos 150 años luz - la primera evidencia de un planeta fuera del grupo de la Tierra.

El planeta, conocido como HD 209458b, reside en la constelación de Pegaso y está completamente hecho de gas. Como se ve desde la Tierra, HD 209458b pasa delante de su estrella cada pocos días. Durante esta etapa, la atmósfera del planeta bloquea una cierta cantidad de luz de las estrellas, permitiéndole a Barman que modelara los componentes atmosféricos.

Cuando él comparó sus modelos con las imágenes de HD 209458b del telescopio Hubble, aquellos que incluían agua en la atmósfera demostraron ser exactos, informa en la edición del 1º de junio de las Cartas Astrofísicas.

Recreación de un artista mostrando un envoltorio extendido eliptoide

de oxígeno y carbono descubierto alrededor del planeta extrasolar HD 209458b
Crédito: Agencia Espacial ÇEuropea y Alfred Vidal-Madjar

(Instituto de Astrofísicas de París, CNRS, Francia)
 
Un par de semanas después, un equipo de investigadores europeos anunció otro descubrimiento fuera de este sistema solar: el descubrimiento de un planeta increíblemente similar a la Tierra.


El planeta, a unos 20 años de distancia y cinco veces la masa de la Tierra, orbita a la estrella Gliese 581. Hace varios años, científicos encontraron otro planeta - este muy similar a Venus - orbitando esta misma estrella.

El nuevo planeta está mucho más cerca a Gliese que la Tierra al Sol, completando su órbita en aproximadamente dos semanas.

Pero porque Gliese es más pequeño que el Sol, la temperatura en la superficie de este planeta podría ser favorable al agua líquida, los investigadores informan en una próxima edición de Astronomía & Astrofísica.
"El planeta es el gemelo más cercano a la Tierra hasta la fecha", escriben ellos.
Sin embargo, al final, las condiciones acuosas o incluso el agua misma, sólo puede contar parte de la historia de la vida más allá de la Tierra.

La conclusión debe esperar hasta que herramientas más poderosas o exploraciones más precisas conviertan la mera sugerencia en prueba sólida.
"Nosotros creemos que la vida, como nosotros la conocemos, necesita agua para existir, pero la presencia de agua no implica la existencia de vida", dice Barman.

"Sin una evidencia directa, será muy difícil decir si la vida, en una u otra forma, está presente en cualquier planeta".





Fuente del Texto:
Del sitio Web SmithsonianMagazine

76 comentarios:

  1. Hello! I understand this is somewhat off-topic but I had to ask.
    Does building a well-established blog such as yours require a large amount of work?
    I am brand new to operating a blog however I do write in my journal every day.
    I'd like to start a blog so I can share my experience and feelings online. Please let me know if you have any kind of recommendations or tips for brand new aspiring bloggers. Appreciate it!

    Here is my web blog how to lose belly fat

    ResponderEliminar
  2. I don't even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I do not know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you aren't already ;) Cheers!


    My weblog world of Tanks hack

    ResponderEliminar
  3. Wonderful, what a web site it is! This website provides valuable information to us, keep it up.



    my website youtube.Com - www.youtube.com

    ResponderEliminar
  4. Hi there! Do you use Twitter? I'd like to follow you if that would be ok. I'm undoubtedly
    enjoying your blog and look forward to new posts.

    Look at my blog: Uncti.Net

    ResponderEliminar
  5. You should be a part of a contest for one of the most useful sites on the internet.
    I am going to recommend this blog!

    Also visit my web site How To Lose Belly Fat - www.youtube.com

    ResponderEliminar
  6. It is perfect time to make some plans for the future
    and it is time to be happy. I have read this post and if I could
    I want to suggest you some interesting things or
    tips. Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I desire to read more things about it!

    Here is my blog: march 11Th

    ResponderEliminar
  7. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I have really enjoyed surfing around your blog posts.
    In any case I'll be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

    Here is my website :: World Of Tanks Hack

    ResponderEliminar
  8. Hi there everybody, here every person is sharing these kinds of familiarity, so
    it's good to read this blog, and I used to visit this webpage daily.

    Also visit my blog post :: permanent hair straightening

    ResponderEliminar
  9. Good day! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog
    platform are you using for this site? I'm getting sick and tired of Wordpress because I've had problems with hackers
    and I'm looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

    my site diaper Rash home remedies

    ResponderEliminar
  10. Appreciate this post. Will try it out.

    Feel free to surf to my web-site recycling Facts

    ResponderEliminar
  11. Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the pictures on this blog loading?

    I'm trying to figure out if its a problem on my end or if it's the blog.
    Any feedback would be greatly appreciated.

    my site: Diarrhea Remedies

    ResponderEliminar
  12. Thanks , I've recently been looking for information about this topic for a while and yours is the best I have discovered so far. But, what about the bottom line? Are you certain about the source?

    Feel free to visit my web page tigara electronice

    ResponderEliminar
  13. Woah! I'm really enjoying the template/theme of this site. It's simple,
    yet effective. A lot of times it's challenging to get that "perfect balance" between user friendliness and visual appeal. I must say you've done a
    awesome job with this. Also, the blog loads very fast for me on Safari.
    Superb Blog!

    My website ... Microsoft Points

    ResponderEliminar
  14. Fastidious respond in return of this query with firm arguments
    and explaining all on the topic of that.

    Feel free to visit my webpage - Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  15. My developer is trying to persuade me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.
    But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using Movable-type on several websites
    for about a year and am worried about switching to another
    platform. I have heard very good things about blogengine.
    net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into it?

    Any help would be really appreciated!

    My blog post - unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  16. It is appropriate time to make some plans for the
    future and it's time to be happy. I've read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things
    or tips. Perhaps you can write next articles referring to this article.

    I wish to read more things about it!

    Feel free to visit my webpage - Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  17. I every time used to read article in news papers but now as I am a user of web so from now I
    am using net for articles, thanks to web.

    Also visit my homepage: Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  18. I'm really loving the theme/design of your site. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A handful of my blog readers have complained about my website not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Safari. Do you have any advice to help fix this issue?

    Feel free to visit my page ... Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  19. Please let me know if you're looking for a article writer for your blog. You have some really great posts and I think I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I'd
    love to write some material for your blog in exchange for a link
    back to mine. Please blast me an email if interested.

    Thank you!

    My homepage Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  20. whoah this blog is fantastic i really like reading your posts.

    Stay up the great work! You already know, a lot of people are searching round for
    this information, you can aid them greatly.

    my blog post Download 7Zip

    ResponderEliminar
  21. This paragraph offers clear idea in favor of the new users of blogging,
    that truly how to do blogging.

    My homepage unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  22. Hello there, I think your blog might be having internet browser compatibility problems.
    When I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in Internet Explorer, it has
    some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide you with a quick
    heads up! Other than that, great website!


    My blog post Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  23. You made some good points there. I looked on the web for more
    info about the issue and found most individuals will go along with your views on this website.



    Feel free to surf to my homepage :: stretch marks

    ResponderEliminar
  24. Good blog post. I definitely love this website. Thanks!


    my homepage Dragonvale Cheats

    ResponderEliminar
  25. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts.
    Anyway I'll be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

    Also visit my web blog pirater un compte facebook

    ResponderEliminar
  26. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
    Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?

    Plz reply as I'm looking to create my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from. many thanks

    My blog post: diaper rash Remedies

    ResponderEliminar
  27. It's very trouble-free to find out any topic on net as compared to textbooks, as I found this piece of writing at this site.

    Have a look at my web site; rafaelwhi.lovelyish.com

    ResponderEliminar
  28. Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also am a blogger,
    and I was curious about your situation; many of us have developed some nice methods and we are
    looking to swap methods with others, please shoot
    me an e-mail if interested.

    Also visit my site: Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  29. Hi there! I know this is kinda off topic but I was
    wondering which blog platform are you using for this website?

    I'm getting tired of Wordpress because I've had problems with hackers and
    I'm looking at options for another platform. I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

    Also visit my web-site Diaper Rash Remedies

    ResponderEliminar
  30. This design is steller! You definitely know how to keep a reader entertained.

    Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to
    start my own blog (well, almost...HaHa!) Excellent job.
    I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than
    that, how you presented it. Too cool!

    Feel free to surf to my web-site :: ryanconra.Datingish.com

    ResponderEliminar
  31. You could certainly see your enthusiasm in the work you write.
    The arena hopes for more passionate writers such as you who aren't afraid to say how they believe. All the time follow your heart.

    Also visit my page - Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  32. Its like you read my mind! You seem to know so much about this, like you wrote
    the book in it or something. I think that you can
    do with some pics to drive the message home a little bit,
    but instead of that, this is excellent blog. A great read.
    I'll certainly be back.

    Look at my website :: http://hyervmrod.lovelyish.hk/772717857/diarrhea-inside-young-children

    ResponderEliminar
  33. I like what you guys tend to be up too. This type of clever work and exposure!
    Keep up the fantastic works guys I've incorporated you guys to our blogroll.

    Feel free to surf to my website Usb ps3 jailbreak

    ResponderEliminar
  34. I am extremely impressed along with your writing abilities and
    also with the structure on your blog. Is this a paid subject or did you modify it yourself?
    Anyway stay up the nice quality writing, it is rare to
    see a great weblog like this one these days..

    Feel free to surf to my web-site: Psn Code Generator

    ResponderEliminar
  35. I was very happy to uncover this great site. I wanted to
    thank you for ones time for this particularly fantastic read!

    ! I definitely savored every little bit of it and i also
    have you saved to fav to see new things on your blog.



    Also visit my web site Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  36. Why visitors still use to read news papers when in this technological world everything is existing on net?


    Review my website: Dry Scalp Treatments

    ResponderEliminar
  37. Way cool! Some extremely valid points! I appreciate you writing this write-up plus the rest of the site
    is also really good.

    Also visit my webpage :: Www.Kevinchiu.Com

    ResponderEliminar
  38. Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the pictures on this blog loading?
    I'm trying to find out if its a problem on my end or if it's the blog.
    Any responses would be greatly appreciated.

    my page: Bestcoconutoilforhair.Com

    ResponderEliminar
  39. Cold sore treatment is a great interest for all of
    us who suffer those terrible and irritating cold sores.

    You can curb this virus, and keep it dormant, with a good cold sore treatment plan.
    This always helps swelling, and does give a
    lot of comfort.

    Feel free to visit my web site :: cold sore cure

    ResponderEliminar
  40. After I originally commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify
    me when new comments are added- checkbox and now every time a
    comment is added I recieve four emails with the
    same comment. Perhaps there is a means you are able to remove me from that service?
    Thank you!

    Feel free to surf to my homepage unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  41. Neat blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really
    make my blog jump out. Please let me know where you got your theme.
    Kudos

    My blog :: diaper rash home remedies

    ResponderEliminar
  42. When someone writes an piece of writing he/she keeps the image of a user in his/her mind that how a user can know it.
    Thus that's why this paragraph is amazing. Thanks!

    Here is my web page Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  43. Helpful info. Fortunate me I discovered your site by
    chance, and I'm surprised why this accident didn't happened earlier!

    I bookmarked it.

    Here is my homepage ... Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  44. WOW just what I was searching for. Came here by searching for recycling facts

    Feel free to visit my webpage Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  45. I was able to find good advice from your articles.

    Feel free to surf to my weblog :: Generateur De Code Psn

    ResponderEliminar
  46. Aw, this was an incredibly good post. Taking the time and actual effort to create a good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a lot and never manage to get anything
    done.

    My blog post; coconut oil for hair

    ResponderEliminar
  47. Hi, the whole thing is going perfectly here
    and ofcourse every one is sharing data, that's actually fine, keep up writing.

    Feel free to visit my web page :: free songs download

    ResponderEliminar
  48. I have learn several good stuff here. Certainly worth bookmarking for revisiting.
    I wonder how a lot attempt you put to create any such excellent informative site.


    my web page :: Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  49. Appreciate the recommendation. Let me try it out.

    Check out my blog post - Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  50. Good way of describing, and good piece of writing to take
    data on the topic of my presentation subject matter,
    which i am going to deliver in university.



    my web-site - Refinishing Hardwood Floors

    ResponderEliminar
  51. I every time used to read article in news papers but now as I am
    a user of web thus from now I am using net for articles, thanks
    to web.

    Here is my blog; Dry scalp Treatments

    ResponderEliminar
  52. Hello! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any problems with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and
    I ended up losing a few months of hard work due to no backup.
    Do you have any methods to prevent hackers?

    Here is my page Microsoft Office Gratuit

    ResponderEliminar
  53. When I initially left a comment I appear to have clicked
    on the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now each time a comment is added I recieve
    four emails with the exact same comment. Perhaps there is a way you are able to remove me from that service?
    Appreciate it!

    My webpage; deliaybb.Momaroo.com

    ResponderEliminar
  54. Hi there everyone, it's my first pay a visit at this website, and post is actually fruitful for me, keep up posting such posts.

    Also visit my web page; diarrhea remedies

    ResponderEliminar
  55. Good post. I learn something totally new and challenging on blogs
    I stumbleupon every day. It's always useful to read through articles from other authors and practice something from other websites.

    Here is my site; Coconut Oil For Hair

    ResponderEliminar
  56. This paragraph is truly a pleasant one it helps new the
    web users, who are wishing in favor of blogging.



    my web site: Eco sanctuary

    ResponderEliminar
  57. Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all people you really understand what you're speaking approximately! Bookmarked. Please additionally visit my site =). We can have a link change contract among us

    Look into my site jailbreak playstation 3

    ResponderEliminar
  58. Good day! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could locate
    a captcha plugin for my comment form? I'm using the same blog platform as yours and I'm having
    difficulty finding one? Thanks a lot!

    Visit my blog - Unknown

    ResponderEliminar
  59. of course like your web-site however you need to take a look at the spelling on quite a few of
    your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling problems
    and I in finding it very bothersome to tell the truth on the other hand I'll surely come back again.

    Here is my page: The Interlace

    ResponderEliminar
  60. Hello! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so I came to look it over.
    I'm definitely enjoying the information. I'm bookmarking and will be
    tweeting this to my followers! Superb blog and terrific style and design.


    Feel free to surf to my web site; Candy Crush Saga Hack

    ResponderEliminar
  61. I read this paragraph fully about the resemblance of most up-to-date and preceding technologies, it's awesome article.

    Have a look at my web-site :: Dragon City Cheat Engine

    ResponderEliminar
  62. Yes! Finally something about online doctorate accredited.

    Here is my site - Psn Code Generator

    ResponderEliminar
  63. Normally I do not learn post on blogs, however I would
    like to say that this write-up very compelled me to take a look at and do it!
    Your writing taste has been amazed me. Thanks, quite great article.


    Feel free to visit my homepage League Of Legends Hack

    ResponderEliminar
  64. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an extremely long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn't show up. Grrrr... well I'm not writing all
    that over again. Regardless, just wanted to say fantastic blog!


    My web blog :: Jailbreak Ps3 3.55 Download

    ResponderEliminar
  65. Right here is the right web site for anyone who wants to find out about this topic.
    You understand a whole lot its almost tough to argue with
    you (not that I personally would want to…HaHa). You certainly put a new spin
    on a topic that has been written about for decades. Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!


    My homepage - Ps3 Jailbreak Buy

    ResponderEliminar
  66. Wow, superb weblog format! How lengthy have you ever been running a blog for?
    you made blogging look easy. The overall glance of your
    site is fantastic, as neatly as the content!

    My web blog :: Ps3 Jailbreak 4.1

    ResponderEliminar
  67. Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an very long comment but after I clicked
    submit my comment didn't appear. Grrrr... well I'm not writing all that over again.

    Anyways, just wanted to say wonderful blog!


    Here is my weblog; World Of Tanks Hack

    ResponderEliminar
  68. Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon everyday.

    It will always be helpful to read content from other authors and practice
    something from their web sites.

    Feel free to visit my blog post: Free Psn Codes

    ResponderEliminar
  69. If you want to improve your know-how simply keep visiting this web site and be updated with the newest news posted here.



    Visit my page; Free Psn Codes ()

    ResponderEliminar
  70. bookmarked!!, I really like your web site!

    my page - Psn Code Generator

    ResponderEliminar
  71. constantly i used to read smaller articles or reviews that also
    clear their motive, and that is also happening with this piece of writing which I am
    reading at this place.

    Also visit my web site: laptop

    ResponderEliminar
  72. I think the admin of this web site is in fact working hard in favor of his website, as here every data is quality
    based material.

    Here is my web site: Minecraft Gift Code Generator

    ResponderEliminar
  73. It's awesome to pay a quick visit this web site and reading the views of all mates about this piece of writing, while I am also keen of getting familiarity.

    my blog ... minecraft gift code Generator

    ResponderEliminar
  74. Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
    you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your web site is wonderful, let alone the content!


    Feel free to surf to my weblog ... Minecraft crack

    ResponderEliminar
  75. Hi there everyone, it's my first pay a visit at this web site, and post is really fruitful for me, keep up posting these types of posts.

    Also visit my page: Ps3 Jailbreak

    ResponderEliminar
  76. What's up, just wanted to tell you, I loved this blog post. It was practical. Keep on posting!

    Here is my webpage: Playstation 3 Jailbreak

    ResponderEliminar

“Acumular información es solo el primer paso a la sabiduría,
pero compartir información es el primer paso hacia la comunidad”

HENRY LEWIS GATES